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Saturday, 29 May 2021 00:00

"Northern Sea Transit Corridor": Industry 4.0. in the Arctic

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The Northern Sea Transit Corridor project is to create an integrated transport and logistics system for international transit sea cargo transportation on the Asia–Europe route via the Northern Sea Route (NSR). It was initiated in the Rosatom State Corporation in 2019 with the aim of creating a new offer on the international market of logistics services for the delivery of goods between Northwestern Europe and East Asia through the NSR.

By 2024, the cargo flow through the NSR should already amount to 80 million tons, mainly this volume consists of oil, gas and coal exported, as well as support cargo. By 2035, the NSR will become an international transport zone, the entrance to which will be the Murmansk region, and the exit - Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

Photo: SMTC and NSR on the map

Planning on paper meets with practical difficulties in the development of transit traffic: the cargo base is uncertain and there may be difficulties with the schedule of cargo delivery due to the harsh Arctic climate.

To solve this problem, the Northern Sea Transit Corridor (SMTC) project was initiated in the Arctic in 2019.

This logistics system will be created in the conditions of not only the Russian, but also the global digital economy.

The branch logistics operator is the enterprise of the State Corporation "Rosatom" - LLC "Rusatom Cargo", on the basis of which the organization and development of international transit sea cargo transportation along the formed transport highway on the basis of the NSR are conducted.

The project provides for the creation of transport and logistics hubs, the construction of a commercial fleet, as well as the development of infrastructure that ensures both the efficient operation of the transport system itself and the level of service that meets the modern needs of participants in the maritime cargo transportation market. The implementation of the project is based on ensuring environmental requirements for Arctic shipping. Green logistics can become the basis of competitive advantage and sustainable development of SMTC.

The Competence Center of "New Production Technologies" participates in the project as an expert in the field of digital modeling and design, development of digital twins.

The creation of the SMTC logistics system is a complex and high-tech project that requires the consolidation of scientific and technical potential and cooperation at the intersectoral level.

Modern digital technologies have been chosen as the fundamental basis for the implementation of the SMTC project, the use of which will optimize costs, project development time, conduct field tests and create a competitive advantage product based on a new type of business model, including a cybernetic digital platform of the ecosystem being created:

  • Model-based System Engineering 2.0 (Model Based System Engineering 2.0, MBSE 2.0);
  • simulation modeling;
  • platform solutions;
  • a new design paradigm based on the development and application at all stages of the life cycle of digital twins (Digital Twin) and digital shadows (Digital Shadow) on the digital platform CML-Bench;
  • many other advanced technologies.

Thus, the SMTC project can become a testing ground where the digital technology of creating high-tech complex projects will be worked out. At the same time, the introduction of modern digital modeling approaches will require all project participants to move into a new paradigm of digital transformation, which undoubtedly requires unity in the strategy of creating digital models.

There are many other tasks to be solved for the development of transit along the Northern Sea Route. Experts note that tankers, bulk carriers, ice-class container ships are not competitive in transit transportation. On clean water, such vessels lose because they are more metal-intensive and have a higher fuel consumption. On the other hand, the entire northern route from Europe to Asia is 7,200 miles. Only half of this route runs in harsh ice conditions: from the Kara Gate Strait to Providence Bay. Therefore, one of the options may be a new algorithm of transportation - with cargo transshipment in the ports of Murmansk and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, to which ordinary ships can ply.

Thus, it is necessary to develop an economic model associated with a global cargo base and aimed at making the route competitive in time and cost.

Sources:
1. The Northern Sea Transit Corridor Project // Official website of the Competence Center of the National Technological Initiative in the direction of "New Production Technologies" on the basis of the Institute of Advanced Production Technologies of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, 2020 URL: https://nticenter.spbstu.ru/nti_projects/57 (accessed: 05/28/2021)
2. Chizhkov Yu.V. The Northern Sea Route in the structure of the Arctic transport system // Transport of the Russian Federation. Journal of Science, Practice, economics. 2017. №1 (68).

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